In North America, Canada is the largest nation and consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories. It is situated in the northern part of the continent, and Ottawa is Canada’s capital. It’s the second-largest nation in the world in terms of territory. The design of friendly policies in Canada has been clearer than ever with its immigration. It is also a common place for vocational and diploma courses among international students. The advanced education framework in Canada isn’t altogether different from the American training framework, with a little impact from Britain.
There are mainly three types of institutions:
Universities have on-campus residence halls for students. They provide
a safe and convenient environment for living, studying and socializing.
Some students prefer off-campus housing for more independence.
Universities have nearby apartment buildings, many of which will
provide transportation to and from campus throughout each day.
Depending on the province or territory, the school systems in Canada are distinct from each other. In most regions, education is available in both English and French, provided there are enough students speaking the secondary language in that area. High school is typically from grade nine to 12. High school finishes in eleventh grade in Québec and is followed by a curriculum that prepares students for college or a specialised area called CEGEP.
Students may attend either vocational schools or enter a university beyond this. They will first earn a Bachelor’s degree at a university and will pursue their studies to receive a Master’s or a PhD degree. Vocational students will receive qualifications and diplomas in different fields that will further develop their skills.
Canada’s climate change is generally dependent on where you are. Canada, spanning five time zones, reaches out from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean.
Montreal Weather — The winter weather here is cold and snowy. Because of the wind-chill factor, the cold in Montreal can be extremely biting. Usually, snowfall starts in November and continues through March. The daytime temperatures during the winter months are from -6 ° C and -15 ° C. Temperatures in summer range from 15 °C to 25 °C.
Toronto Weather – In winter, the weather here is milder than most of the cities in Canada but still cold and snowy. Temperatures in summer range from 15 °C to 25 °C. The daytime temperatures during the winter months are from -10 ° C and 12 ° C.
Vancouver Weather – Throughout the year, it stays blustery, however gentle. With a normal temperature of 22 ° C, summer is charmingly warm in Vancouver. The winters are warm, however, there is rare snow. In winter, average daily temperatures range from 3 ° C to 7 ° C.
It is acknowledged that Canadians are open-minded and proud of their multicultural and varied population. Canadians have certain standards of behaviour, like any other nation. Here are a handful of tips:
Avoid personal topics such as age, income, marital status, partnerships, and the expense of personal things before you are comfortable with individuals.
Language problems: It can be daunting at first to operate in a culture where you have to use English or sometimes French on a regular basis. Some language issues that you can experience initially when you arrive are:
Participation: Participation in all the events during your classes is mandatory. In class discussions, group work, or other events, you will be asked to participate. It is very important to engage outside of the classroom as well. This will provide you with many chances to practice your English skills in many different environments.
A study permit is a document issued by the immigration authorities of Canada that acts as an authorization to study in Canada for international students. International students cannot study in Canada without having a valid study permit. Besides this, students who obtain a study permit are only eligible to enroll in designated learning institutions.
Getting the Study Permit
You are expected to carry the Letter of Introduction along with all the listed documents to Canada. You will meet an immigration officer at the airport. Present the passport and letter of introduction to the border control agency officer, who will then validate it and, if deemed appropriate, award you a study permit.
Which Documents are required for Canadian Visa?
You should apply for a student visa after you get the college acceptance letter. You should start the visa process around June if you are targeting the September intake. The documents required to apply for the Canada Student Visa are underneath.
To be eligible to apply for a study permit, you would need a valid passport. It is critical, as far as the Canadian High Commission is concerned, you must have a passport whose validity includes the intended stay in Canada. For instance, if you intend to travel to Canada for a two-year course in September 2019, your passport should be valid until at least September 2021.
Proof of Acceptance by a Designated Learning Institution
You will need a letter of approval from the university/institute you plan to join. A designated learning institute is a university accredited by the Immigration Department. If you apply for Quebec, you will also require a CAQ that you would have been properly informed of.
Proof of Funds
You will have to give proof of funds at the time of the application for your Research Permit. You will have to show, according to the current necessities, that you will have sufficient funds to pay our educational expenses as well as take care of living expenses. Canadian Immigration thinks a student would need at least CAD 10,000 for each year of their stay. Apart from the above two, the student would also have to prove that he/she has enough funds for a return airfare as well. Note: You will have to submit proof of fees charged as well as the defined cost of living @ CAD 10,000 while filling out the application form. You need at least CAD 11,000 for each year of your stay when you apply for Quebec.
Passport Size Photographs
If you have opted to apply offline, you will need two passport size photographs that comply with the standards issued. You must get a digital copy of the image for an online application that does not exceed 4MB. Other specifications for neutral facial expression, with a clear background, and no headgear are usual (unless for religious purposes). Note:
Immigration Medical Examination (IME)
International students from India will be required to undergo a compulsory Immigration Medical Test from impaneled doctors through Canadian Immigration. Students will have to book an appointment, most likely a week before they begin their visa application, and visit the listed doctors for a medical examination. The panel doctor will perform a complete medical examination and you will be referred for chest x-rays and laboratory tests. The physician will give the results to CIC once your exam has been completed.
English Language Proficiency Exam Score
We strongly recommend that before you begin your Visa Application Process, you have appeared for and earned your English Language Proficiency Score, although not necessary at the time of application. As it is, to validate your admission to the Canadian University, you would have had to present your English language proficiency score. Scores acceptable are TOEFL, IELTS, etc.
Statement of Purpose
You will be required to submit an essay stating the intent of your trip to Canada and why you choose the specific institution when applying for a Canadian Study Permit. This will be recommended in the checklist as an optional document, but we highly suggest that you submit the document.
If you apply online, you will also need a credit card to pay the processing fee. Canada’s Visa Application Fee is CAD 160. Please note that only credit cards are accepted by the system and not debit cards. It is also not necessary for it to be your credit card. If you have the prior approval to do so, you can also use the parent’s cards. And apart from the above, you would need access to a digital scanner if you were to apply online. In case you are applying offline, you should have original copies of all the documents listed above. It is important to remember that you will be required to download a few of the documents when applying online, fill them out, print them, sign them, and then upload them. The availability of the scanner must also be planned. You might be asked for additional documentation by the interviewer during the personal interview. These documents may be required to prove academic or financial status. This may include:
Canada is considered to deliver high-quality education at an affordable tuition fee with degrees that are recognized internationally, hosting nearly half a million foreign students. In addition, with an outstanding quality of life, immense post-study work, and immigration possibilities – Canada stands out among Indian students as a common country to study.
Due to the high standard of education, one of the most significant reasons why students chose to study in Canada is it serves as a symbol of confidence and achievement when a student receives a degree from a Canadian university. 26 universities in Canada are ranked in 2019 QS World University Rankings and 27 of them are ranked in 2019 The World University Rankings.
Because of its strong emphasis on research and development, one of the main reasons why Canadian education stands out is. There can be no country better than Canada if you’re a science scholar. Study in the fields of medicine, telecommunications, agriculture, environmental science and technology is greatly funded by the government of Canada.
As compared to universities in the US and UK, tuition rates in Canada are comparatively cheaper. And it is quite a viable choice for Indian students when considering the return on investment. To reduce your college expenses, you can also apply for a number of scholarships.
You can find incredibly warm and friendly individuals in Canada who come from diverse ethnic groups with distinct cultures and lifestyles. Like no other nation, the multicultural climate in Canada encourages friendliness and peaceful living. You’ll probably find a lot of Indians here studying, working and living. Festivals and rituals may also be observed, such as:
Canada has regularly been ranked as one of the world’s safest nations. The Global Peace Index listed Canada as the world’s sixth peaceful nation in 2020. You’ll have the same rights as any other Canadian as a foreign student.
Canada provides all its foreign students with the ability to work up to 20 hours a week during their semesters and full-time during the summer and winter holidays, due to its unique regulations. You will not need any extra work permit to work on-campus or as an intern in any organisation because your study permit is enough to help you find a part-time job.
You should expect festivals, fests, and other activities to be held during the year at all Canadian campuses. In addition to keeping homesickness away, this provides a happy and lively atmosphere for all the students, lets you network and meet new people.
The Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PWPP) of Canada enables students to stay and work in Canada for up to three years after graduation is completed. You will obtain some job experience abroad and apply for permanent residency later on.
Earn While You Study in Canada: For future migrants, the country provides a high standard of living and has decent job prospects. That means that many work opportunities are available on and off-campus for students. The individuals are friendly, the pay is outstanding, and a balanced work/life balance exists. It’s recommended that you have ample funds in your bank to maintain your stay there without the need to work if you are studying in Canada because there is no guarantee that you will get a job while studying.
1. Part-Time Jobs –A fascinating fact about study abroad is that international students can support their everyday costs with the help of part-time jobs.
2. On-Campus Work – You will work at the university on campus from where you earn higher studies. Based on your eligibility requirements, you are permitted to work and you can work 20 hours a week during your studies and full time during vacations. ‘On-campus’ employment is characterized as employment in an educational institution’s owned, leased, or rented facilities.
3. Co-op and Internships – While studying in Canada, there are some courses in which an important part of the course is jobs. There are few courses offered that require professional experience to graduate, and only after demonstrating the necessary job experience, either on or off-campus, will they be granted their degree. More than 50% of the overall study program should not be made up of an internship or co-op job. One has to apply for a work permit for this. You will need a letter from your faculty to apply for a work permit as evidence that the position or job you have is an integral part of your course of study and is a prerequisite of your degree. The university will be identified as your employer on your work permit, and the expiry date will match that of your study permit.
In contrast to the US, UK or Australia, there is a small number of scholarships in Canada that are eligible for foreign students. Low tuition fees at colleges are already the reason behind this. Since most students going to Canada have to pay the lowest tuition fees, there are not many scholarships available to students from colleges and organisations. However, there are a few scholarships available for bright students. Here are a few of the scholarships for international students going to study in Canada
International undergraduate students who show superior academic achievement, interpersonal skills, interest in student life and community service, acknowledged achievement in fields of endeavor such as performing arts, athletics, debating or creative writing, or external academic competitions and exams are recognized by the International Leader of Tomorrow Award. Winners of the International Leader of Tomorrow Award receive an award level commensurate with their financial needs, as measured by the expense of their tuition, fees, and living expenses, minus the student and their family’s financial contribution to these costs each year.
For new international undergraduate students starting classes, Humber provides total and partial renewable tuition scholarships. 2 Full tuition grants and two $5,000 grants are eligible. The scholarships can be used for the tuition fees of good students. The renewal of a scholarship is dependent on the ability of the recipient in each year of his/her program at Humber to achieve a 75% GPA.
For the academic calendar year, up to 14 remarkable young leaders are invited each year to come to Montreal. They live together in a beautifully renovated mansion, enjoy access to the academic programs and other services of McGill University, including seminars, conferences, and activities appropriate for advancing their individual professional and intellectual objectives. – while getting benefited from the communal life and multi-faceted exchanges with their fellow Scholars.
The Banting Postdoctoral Fellowships program provides funding to the national and international postdoctoral candidates who will make a positive contribution to the country’s economic, social and research-based development. The main aim of the Banting Postdoctoral Fellowships program is to attract and retain top-tier national and international postdoctoral talent and develop their leadership potential, position them for success as research leaders of tomorrow.The Banting Postdoctoral Fellowships program provides funding to the national and international postdoctoral candidates who will make a positive contribution to the country’s economic, social and research-based development. The main aim of the Banting Postdoctoral Fellowships program is to attract and retain top-tier national and international postdoctoral talent and develop their leadership potential, position them for success as research leaders of tomorrow.
To attract and retain world-class doctoral students, the Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships (Vanier CGS) was established to create Canada as a global centre of excellence in research and higher learning. The scholarships at participating Canadian universities are for a doctoral degree (or combined MA/Ph.D. or MD/Ph.D.). The scholarship, for three years, is worth $50,000 a year.
The Graduate Fellowships of the University of Manitoba (UMGF) are merit-based awards open to students of any nationality who will be enrolled at the University of Manitoba as full-time graduate students (Masters or Ph.D.). These fellowships are worth $18,000 (Ph.D.) and are worth $14,000 (Master’s) for 12 months. Students are entitled to receive the UMGF for the initial 24 months of their Master’s program and the initial 48 months of their Ph.D. program.
The scholarships are available to foreign nationals (with a preference for applicants from the developing world) who apply for a doctoral program in the field of social sciences and humanities, or who are enrolled in the first or second year of such a program at a university in Canada. For three years, the annual value is up to $60,000 per scholar.